For a full up to date list of publications with links, see my Google scholar page.

In review:

Sprayberry, K., Tylan, C., Owen, D.A.S., MacLeod, K.J.,Sheriff, M.J., Langkilde, T. History of stress affects cell-mediated immunity in female eastern fence lizards, Sceloporus undulatus. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity.

Mpemba, H., MacLeod, K.J.,Yang, F., Jiang, G. Fear effects of predator cues on incidence of ungulates, mesopredators and top predators in the Greater Khingan Mountains, Northeastern China. Journal of Zoology.

Trevelline, B., MacLeod, K.J.,Langkilde, T., Kohl, K.D. Gestation alters the gut microbiota of an oviparous lizard. FEMS Microbiology Ecology.


MacLeod, K.J., McCormick, G., Langkilde, T. Glucocorticoids do not influence a secondary sexual trait or its behavioral expression in eastern fence lizards. Scientific Reports, 9: 5529.

Owen, D., Sheriff, M.J., Heppner, J., Gerke, H., Ensminger, D.C., MacLeod, K.J., Langkilde, T. Maternal corticosterone increases thermal sensitivity of heart rate in lizard embryos. Biology Letters, 15: 20180718.


MacLeod, K.J., Freidenfelds, N., Leighton, G.M., Langkilde, T. Tree selection is linked to locomotor performance and associated noise production in a lizard. Journal of Zoology.

Ensminger, D.C., Langkilde, T., Owen, D.A.S., MacLeod, K.J., Sheriff, M.J. Maternal stress alters the phenotype of the mother, her eggs, and her offspring in a wild caught lizard. Journal of Animal Ecology:

MacLeod, K.J., Sheriff, M.J., Ensminger, D.C., Owen, D.A.S., Langkilde, T. Survival and reproductive costs of repeated acute glucocorticoid elevations in a captive, wild animal. General and Comparative Endocrinology 268: 1-6.

MacLeod, K.J. & Brouwer, L. Social context dependent provisioning rules in red-winged fairy-wrens do not vary with signals of increased chick need. Animal Behaviour 143: 105-111.

Trevelline, B.K., MacLeod, K.J., Knutie, S.A., Langkilde, T., Kohl, K.D. (2018) In ovo microbial communities: a potential mechanism for the initial acquisition of gut microbiota among oviparous birds and lizards. Biology Letters 


Sheriff, M.J., Bell, A., Boonstra, R., Dantzer, B., Lavergne, S., McGhee, K.E., MacLeod, K.J., Winandy, L., Zimmer, C., Love, O.P. (2017) Integrating ecological and evolutionary context in the study of maternal stress. Integrative and Comparative Biology, 57 (3): 437-449.


MacLeod, K.J., Brekke, P., Tong, W., Ewen, J.G. & Thorogood, R. Do mothers bias offspring sex ratios in carotenoid-rich environments? Behavioral Ecology, 28 (1): 131-137.

MacLeod, K.J., Brekke, P., Ewen, J.G. & Thorogood, R. 2016. Minutes matter: brief hatching asynchrony adversely affects late-hatched hihi nestlings, but not life beyond the nest. Animal Behaviour, 119: 111-118.


MacLeod, K.J., McGhee, K.E. & Clutton-Brock, T.H. 2015. No apparent benefits of allonursing for recipient offspring and mothers in the cooperatively breeding meerkat. Journal of Animal Ecology, 84 (4): 1050-1058. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12343


MacLeod, K.J. & Clutton-Brock, T.H. 2014. Costs and consequences of allonursing in meerkats: cost minimization by behavioural modification. Behavioral Ecology, 26 (3): 697-705. doi: 10.1093/beheco/aru205 

MacLeod K.J. & Lukas D. 2014. Revisiting non-offspring nursing: allonursing evolves when the costs are low. Biology Letters, 10:6: 20140378.

Carter, A. J., Horrocks, N.P.C; Huchard, E.; Logan, C.J.; Lukas, D.; MacLeod, K.J.; Marshall, H.H.; Peck, H.L.; Sanderson, J.L. & Sorensen, M.C. Junior Scientists Are Sceptical of Sceptics of Open Access: A Reply to Agrawal. 2014. Trends in Plant Science,  doi:10.1016/j.tplants.2014.04.005.


MacLeod, K. J., et al. 2013. Factors predicting the frequency, likelihood and duration of allonursing in the cooperatively breeding meerkat. Animal Behaviour. 86 (5): 1059–1067.

MacLeod, K.J. & Clutton-Brock, T.H. 2013.No evidence for sex ratio variation in the cooperatively breeding meerkat, Suricata suricatta.  Animal Behaviour85 (3): 645-653.


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